27 Nov 2018
Zimbabwe’s population is forecast to grow by 2% on an annual basis over the next decade – ultimately reaching 19 million by 2032. This would mark a significant increase from the current average of 13.5 million.
A migration report on Zimbabwe, put together by the government and the United Nations agency, reveals that the 2% annual population growth is an increase from the 1.2% recorded between 2002 and 2012.
Experts noted that the country could benefit from a demographic transition, if the right policies are put in place.
The report says: "The total population is projected to pass the 19 million mark in 2032."
"Experts expect that a steadily improving life expectancy at birth, reduced Aids-related deaths, expanding educational levels, rising incomes, urbanisation and improved public health systems will give rise to a higher average annual growth rate."
However, it is not just the growth rate that is expected to change – but other sectors of population too.
The number of those aged below 15 is set to decline from 41% to 32%, whilst the 15-64 age bracket is forecast to grow, from 55% in 2012 to an average of 64% by 2032.
"These changes signal the initial stages of a demographic transition," the report explains.
"If Zimbabwe responds to such changes with appropriate policies, the country could potentially reap the benefits of a demographic dividend.
"At any rate, the realisation of the potential benefits of this demographic dividend depends on a mix of social and economic development policies and the broader economic environment."